Abstracts/Full Papers

15
Jun

Open Education in Rural Human Resource Development in Yunnan Province, China

Abstract

One of Chinese President Xi Jingpings main plans for the development of Rural China is the Rural Revitalization Strategy. Yunnan province implements this strategy from different respective branches of government, as well as via the implementation of The Yunnan Rural Community Leadership Competency and Education Level Improvement Act, among which, Yunnan Open University is in charge of course delivery. In early June 2018, Yunnan Open University established a new College of Rural Education Revitalization. This study clarifies the development process of the Improvement Act, its meaning and initiative measures at the starting stages, enabling rural communities to effectively engage in educational network building and resource consolidation, and thereby to support the Yunnan provincial government in achieving its targets for large scale poverty alleviation. The study also points out possible future research avenues and actions which may be necessary for upcoming stages of the project. The main focus is the means in which the College of Rural Education Revitalization of Yunnan Open University integrates various online coursework and teaching resources, at the provincial level, by empowering remote municipalities with access to knowledge.  

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    1. Yunnan lags behind the east coast of China in relation to socio-economic development. However, because of its geographic location the province has comparative advantages in regional and border trade with countries in southeast Asia. The Lancang River (upper reaches of Mekong River) is the waterway to southeast Asia. In recent years land transportation has been improved to strengthen economic and trade co-operation among countries in the Greater Mekong Subregion. Yunnan’s abundance in resources determines that the province’s pillar industries are: agriculture, tobacco, mining, hydro- electric power, and tourism. In general, the province still depends on the natural resources. Secondary industry is currently the largest industrial tier in Yunnan, contributing more than 45 percent of GDP. Tertiary industry contributes 40 percent and agriculture 15 percent. Investment is the key driver of Yunnan’s economic growth, especially in construction .

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